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但这样可能会“小病忍成大病”,由慢性胃炎→胃溃疡→胃癌这一过程,忍着忍着可能就会发展为胃癌, sea! G: It was coming to me! But what is the right way of teaching astronomy? S: Like this: These ornaments of the sky are doubtless the most completely ordered of all visible things but as such they are far short of what is true – their true motions, namely, their true number and forms in relation to one another. Men may get at these things by reasoning and the work of thought but not by sight. Or have you a different opinion? G: Not at all. But you are giving men a thousand times as much work as our present astronomers have in mind. S: Yes, and it will be the same with the other sciences if we are to be any use as lawmakers. In all of them, when we have gone far enough to see their connections and relations, and their togethernesses, then all this work will point to our desired end, and the work itself will not have been wasted. But if we do not get so far it will be no use at all. G: it seems to me as well; but, Socrates, this is very great stretch of work you are talking of. S: Which is? This opening part or what? Don‘t you see that this is only the part that comes before the law itself, that true music which we have to learn? You certainly don‘t take the experts in these sciences to be good at discussion and dialectic? G: No, by Zeus. At least only a few of them in my experience. S: Will men who are unable to give and audit a full account of what may be meant in a discussion ever know what we say must be known? G: ―No‖ is the answer to that as well. S: This then, at last, Glaucon, is the law itself, the true music played by dialectic. It is the work of thought but has its parallel in our power to see – which, in my comparison, came after a time to see living things, and then the stars, and at last the sun itself. So it is with dialectic: when a man – through thinking about what we mean, putting the records of the senses on one side – attempts to make his way into the very being of each thing and keeps on till by thought itself he takes in what the good is itself, he comes to the limit of the world of thought, as the other in our parallel came to the end of what may be seen. G: Certainly. S: And this movement of thought you will name ―dialectic‖. G: I will. … (Source: From The Republic by I. A. Richards, 段至诚译, 《理想国》英汉对照基本英语译本, 中国对外翻译出版公司, 2006) NOTES TO THE TEXT 1. Language points: This version is founded on basic English which is only composed of 850 words. Students can then pay more attention to the ideas without worrying about the difficult words. However, students have to be ready for the linguistic challenge by a great number of prepositions and adverbs. 2. Plato (427-347 B.C.) As a son of a wealthy and noble family, he was preparing for a career in politics when the trial and execution of Socrates made him abandon his political career and turned to philosophy, opened a school known as the Academy, the first university in the history of the West. He was avar treetableAsync = {青草膏功效

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